Cole and Wieand Families Papers
Scope and Contents
The Cole and Wieand families papers focus on Samuel Valentine Cole and Helen Wieand Cole, their interactions with Wheaton College, and their academic/writing pursuits. The papers also contain supplementary information about Samuel's brother, William Isaac Cole and Helen's sister, Irma C. Wieand. The collection includes a large amount of manuscripts and publications written by Samuel Valentine Cole, Helen Wieand Cole, and William Isaac Cole. Materials regarding Samuel Valentine Cole make up the majority of the collection with a focus on his personal and academic affairs during his time as Wheaton President.
The documents in the collection span the years 1878 to 1975 with the bulk dates between 1897-1925, Samuel Valentine Cole's term as president. Documents include letters, publications, manuscripts, wills, newspaper clippings, pamphlets, programs, and images. The collection also contains objects, clothing, and furniture.
Weaknesses in the papers include little documentation about Samuel Valentine Cole before his time at Wheaton. There is also a lack of documentation about Samuel Valenine Cole's first wife, Annie Talbot Cole and Helen Wieand Cole's sister, Irma Wieand.
The collection is arranged into five series: SAMUEL VALENTINE COLE, HELEN WIEAND COLE, IRMA C. WIEAND, WILLIAM ISAAC COLE, and IMAGES.
- Mary Sampson (Correspondent, Person)
Language of Materials
Biographical / Historical
Samuel Valentine Cole
Samuel Valentine Cole (1851-1925) was born in Machiasport, Maine and was educated at Washington Academy. He received his undergraduate degree from Bowdoin College in 1877. After graduation he worked as a tutor and instructor at the college. During this time he also taught classical languages at high schools in Bath, Maine and Williamston, Massachusetts. Later he also received an A.M. in 1877, D.D. in 1898, and LL.D. in 1912 all from Bowdoin College. In 1889 Cole attended Andover Theological Seminary.
After he completed his studies he became minister of the Broadway Trinitarian Congregational Church in Taunton, Massachusetts. During his time there his sermons gained the attention of Mrs. Wheaton, in fact she recommended him to Wheaton's Board of Trustees in 1893. Samuel Valentine Cole was appointed principal of Wheaton Seminary in 1897. His main vision for the Seminary was for it to become a four-year college. In 1912 Cole's vision came true when Wheaton Seminary officially became Wheaton College and Cole became Wheaton's first president. Samuel Valentine Cole died while still president in 1925. During his time at Wheaton, twelve major buildings were added to the campus along with Cole Chapel, which was later named in his memory. Cole also improved the curriculum to include courses in English, History, Philosophy, Bible, Foreign Language, Science, and Mathematics. By the end of his term as President the Associate's Degree had been phased out and graduates received their Bachelor's Degree upon completion of studies. Finally Cole increased the size of the faculty to include thirty-three full time and three part time members, creating a ten to one student/faculty ratio.
Samuel Valentine Cole's first wife, Annie Talbot Cole, died in 1906 and he later married Helen Wieand (1885-1965) in 1917. Helen was a graduate of Mount Holyoke College, a member of the Classics Department at Wheaton from 1911-1915 and 1918-1925, and finally a Trustee from 1936-1965. She published numerous poems, books, and articles. In 1938 Helen spoke at Wheaton's Commencement and received an honorary degree. In 1961 Helen established the Helen and Irma Wieand Fellowship for graduate studies in the humanities. She remained in contact with the college until her death in 1965.
Irma C. Wieand
Irma C. Wieand was the sister of Helen Wieand Cole. She was a graduate of Mount Holyoke College and looked into graduate study at different German universities, however, the documents do not reveal whether she actually did study at one. It is apparent, however, that she spent time living or at least traveling in France and Germany. In 1904 she taught high school French in Pottstown, Pennsylvania and documents reveal that she was looking for other teaching positions in following years. Irma was a member of the University of Pennsylvania German Association which was made up of German language teachers and graduates.
William Isaac Cole
William Isaac Cole (1859-1935) was the brother of Samuel Valentine Cole. He graduated from Bowdoin College in 1881 and also graduated later from Andover Theological Seminary. Like his brother, William was an academic and produced numerous publications. From 1912-1926 he was a Professor of Applied Sociology at Wheaton. Also during 1913 -1926 he was Wheaton College Treasurer and finally from 1926-1935 he was a Wheaton Trustee. Along with Helen Wieand Cole, he helped to establish the Samuel Valentine Cole Memorial Room located in the Wheaton College Library.
5.0 Cubic Feet (12 legal sized archival boxes, photographs, scrapbook, photograph albums, objects, clothing.)
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Objects have been physically removed from the collection and placed with other objects.
Clothing has been physically removed from the collection and placed with the clothing collection.
Scrapbook has been physically removed from the collection and placed with the scrapbook collection.
Processed by: Hanna Juergens, W13, 2011
Encoded using Archivist Toolkit: Hanna Juergens, W13, 2012
Encoding edited by: Megan Wheaton-Book, Assistant Archivist, 2014
- Bullard, Irving (Correspondent)
- Clothing and dress -- United States -- History -- 20th century.
- College administrators
- College life
- College teaching.
- College trustees.
- French language.
- German language.
- Leonard A. Kronkhite (Correspondent)
- Louis A. Coolidge (Correspondent)
- Samuel Lynde Valentine (Ancestor of Samuel Valentine Cole)
- Smart, George T., 1863-1928 (Wheaton Acting Pres., 1925-1926, Trustee, 1909-1928) (Correspondent)
- Wheaton College (Norton, Mass.) -- Presidents
- Wheaton Female Seminary (Norton, Mass.)
- Mary Sampson (Correspondent, Person)
- John Edgar Park, 1879-1956 (Wheaton President, 1926-1944) (Correspondent, Person)
- Wieand, C. S. (Charles Samuel), Rev., 1848-1919 (Father of Helen Wieand Cole) (Correspondent, Person)
- Cole, William Isaac, 1859-1935 (Wheaton Prof. of Sociology; Treasurer, 1913-26; Trustee, 1925-35) (Person)
- Theodore Roosevelt (President of the United States) (Correspondent, Person)
- Rugg, Arthur Prentice, Honorable (Chief Justice, MA Supreme Judicial Court) (Correspondent, Person)
- Jarius P. Moore (Correspondent, Person)
- Coolidge, Calvin, 1872-1933. (Governor of MA, President of the United States) (Correspondent, Person)
- Lodge, Henry Cabot, 1850-1924 (U.S. Senator & historian) (Correspondent, Person)
- Stowe, Charles Edward, b. 1850 (Correspondent, Person)
- Wieand, Irma C. (Sister of Helen Wieand Cole) (Person)
- Samuel Valentine Cole, Rev. Dr., 1851-1925 (Wheaton President, 1897-1925) (Person)
- Cole, Helen Wieand, 1885-1965 (Wheaton Prof. Latin & Greek, Trustee, 1935-65) (Person)
- Inventory of the Cole and Wieand Families Papers
- Hanna Juergens, W'13
- July 2011
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Code for undetermined script
- Language of description note